Solid Waste Collection and Monitoring System

 

Introduction

 

Pune Municipal Corporation aims to Enhance operational capability, citizen’s satisfaction, reliability and on time- availability of its services offered through various departments like Solid Waste Engineering services and scheduling services etc. As waste management operations all over the world attempt to become cleaner and greener, Pune Municipal Corporation is leading the way with complete end-to-end automation and monitoring of waste collection and management.

PMC is using cutting edge technologies like GPS, GSM, RFID, M2M, IOT Sensors along with innovative Mobile and web application to improve and smoothen ground-level mechanisms for waste collection and efficient processing and re-cycling of waste.

The purpose of this technology is to provide guidelines for development, implementation, operation & maintenance and monitoring of Solid waste Collection System for Pune Municipal � Corporation to be implemented within Pune City.

Objective

 

PMC envisages implementing Solid Waste Collection and Monitoring System as a city wide integrated platform for its diverse set of waste collection needs which include operations of public transportation, management of vehicles operating for other civic services like solid waste, engineering and emergency services. The aim of implementing this system is to bring in best-in-class operational efficiency and automation to its operations capability to ensure services are delivered on consistent basis and in a manner that meets objectives of PMC.

work-flow

Scope of Work

 

To install the vehicle tracking system and fuel sensors on PMC �Vehicle Depo JCB, Road Sweeper, Waste collection vehicle(Ghanta Gadi, BRC, Truck, and Compactor) and to provide a Web and GPS based VTMS (Vehicle Tracking & Management System) using state of the art information system for locating, monitoring and managing the Vehicle Depot Fleets Under PMC with a view to improve their �route �and �output monitoring, �improving fuel �efficiency �and �ensure �that �the waste �vehicles �done �their �daily trip on time for collection waste/garbage�s from assigned area.

The�requirement�of�Vehicle�depot�was�major�focus�on�to�track�the�vehicle�movement�with�following�details�below�:
1. Provide�real�time�tracking�of�vehicles.
2. Control�room�for�monitoring�(limited)
3. Alert���over�speed,�excess�stoppage�time,�excess�fuel�withdrawn
4. Fuel�consumption�report�(for�select�vehicles�with�fuel�sensor)
5. Fleet�Daily�&�summary�Report
6. Idle�Time�/Journey�Idling�Report
7. Start�time�&�End�time,�Total�working�hours,�Distance�travelled
8. Stoppage�&�Speed�Violation
9. Trip�Report
10. History�play�back/�Route�replay
11. Maps

smart-garbage-collection-work-flow

 

Benefits of projects: Solid Waste Collection and Monitoring System

 

To�manage�routes�and�vehicles�dynamically�through�an�automated�system.

  • �Monitoring of the vehicle in real time to improve per vehicle productivity & reduce non-compliance
  • �Usage and route planning optimization of garbage trucks
  • Rapid management of vehicle breakdown and maintenance
  • Centralised command control center for waste collection and transportation
  • �Efficient monitoring and management of waste bins
  • Verification of collection service
  • Availability of MIS for effective planning of resources, schedule & unforeseen events
  • �Automated monitoring of transfer stations, processing centres for daily garbage inward, outward using weigh bridge automation
  • �Effective Management of citizen complaints
  • Creating healthy competition between wards by generating Cleanliness Score based on timely pickups, coverage & customer feedback
  • Greater transparency in the civic administration
  • Eliminate the human factor from entire cycle of SWM process starting from collection to bill disposal

Solid�Waste�Collection�and�Monitoring�System�shall�comprise�of�following�distinct�application�areas :

1. GPS�Vehicle�Tracking�System
2. Hotel�Garbage�Collection�Automation�
3. Weight�Automation�at�transfer�stations�
4. Attendance�System�for�field�staff�and�SWaCH�Workers�
5. RFID�Tags�for�Bins�with�Readers�on�Vehicle
6. Smart�Sensor�based�Bins�Management

smart_integrated_system

Features

 

1. Real�Time�Tracking
2. Built�in�Battery
3. Real�time�tracking
4. Trip�Replay�(Play�Map)
5. Fuel�Reconciliation
6. Ability�to�track�&�monitor�any�vehicle/field�equipment
7. Data�to�take�decisions

 

Solution option for Solid Waste Management System (PMC)

 

Hotel Garbage Collection Automation :

Every�hotel�will�be�issued�a�RFID�card�upon�there�registration,�this�card�needs�to�be�flashed�on�Garbage�vehicle�during�every�visit.

The data will be seamlessly transferred to Central Server, which will show �reports for Hotel Coverages / Exceptions.

hotel_garbage_collection_automation

 

Benefits

 

  • To�identify�and�collect�the�information�dynamically�for�the�hotel�points�attended�along�a�vehicle�route
  • �Reports�for�Hotel�Coverage�/Exceptions
  • After�every�collection�data�will�be�sent�to�the�central�server

 

Weight Automation at transfer stations, Processing Units & landfills

 

The�RFID�Reader�installed�at�weighbridge�and�the�weighbridge�data�will�be�fetched�automatically�sent�to�the�data�centre�to�make�operator

independent�weighbridge�operations.

Reader�installed�at�weighbridgewill�Read�RFID�Tag�applied�on�vehicle�and�based�on�that�vehicle�information�will�be�update.

This�information�will�also�contain�the�details�about�the�weight�of�the�truck�through�weight�sensors.

So�the�weight�of�the�garbage�being�carried�by�a�particular�truck�can�be�generated�to�great�accuracy�now.
The�data�of�the�weight�being�carried�by�individual�trucks�can�be�updated�easily�and�the�information�is�sent�to�the�central�Server�through�GPRS.

rfid_automation_pmc_camps

Attendance System for field staff and Swatch Workers

 

Mukadam/Supervisor�will�use�handheld�biometric�attendance�device�to�mark�the�attendance�of�the�SWaCH�employees/truck�drivers/remote

�workers/field�staff�at�various�locations.

staff_attendance_pmc

Benefits of using handheld device terminal�

? Ensure�the�avaibility�of�Mukadam�and�Swach�Workers�in�each�wards
? Improves�efficiency�and�work
? Daily/Weekly/Monthly�Attandance�report�can�be�generated�ward/employee�wise

Architecture

 

work_flow_architecture_diagram

RFID tags for bins with readers on vehicles

 

The Radio �Frequency Identification �is �technology which �uses �the wireless radio frequency signals to identify objects. It is an electronic device that has two major components: An RFID Antenna / tag and an RFID Reader. Whenever the RFID tag comes in the frequency area of the RFID Reader, the unique information tagged to the bin from the RFID tag gets recorded with the data and time informatio Solutions for Solid Waste Management RFID �Tag �will �be �placed �on �the �bins �and �each �Garbage �pickup �vehicle �will �be �installed �with RFID Reader and while unloading the Garbage Bin , Garbage Bin tag comes in the frequency area of the RFID Reader, the unique information tagged to the bin from the RFID tag gets recorded with the data and time information and will be sent to the central server.

rfid_tags_pmc

Benefits

 

Helps�in�indentifying�bins�with�wireless�radio�frequency�and�less�manual�interventions.
? RFID�tags�are�small�in�sizes�and�immune�to�environmental�conditions.
? RFID�readers�are�available�with�different�frequencies�depending�upon�the�distance�with�which�it
can�read�the�RFID�tag.
? It�is�completely�automated�process
? Also�helps�monitoring,�if�vehicles�(like�BRC)�is�dumping�the�grabag�at�defined�landfills�or�not

Control Room for Solid Waste collection Mangement system

 

Technical�Cordinator�will�be�required�for�cordination�with�Command�and�Control�Centre�Persons�for�Handling�the�technical�aspects�and

the�issues�related�to�GPS�tracking�on�Garbage�Collection�Vehicles.They�will�monitor�the�system�and�will�communicate�and�cordinate�with

ward�level�for�resolvance�of�the�ticket.Also�will�report�the�violations�if�done�by�any�Garbage�Collection�Vehicle�and�at�the�end�of�the�day

he�will�submit�the�desired�report.

control_room_for_swm

Screenshots

 

1. Software GPS tracking system

software-smart-garbage-collection

2. Advanced Route Mapping & Monitoring

advanced_route_mapping_and_monitoring_system

3. RFID Automation

rfid_automation4. Smart Bins Concept�

smart_bins_concept_pmc

5. Smart Bin Sensor�

smart_bin_sensors_pmc

6. Dashboard�– Smart Waste Collection and Monitoring System

Dashboard_solud_waste_collection_system

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