A feature common to most of the early efforts has been a predominant focus on collection of data as required by the monitoring agencies and on specific functions such as records management, statistical analysis and office automation; rather than on police stations, which are the primary sources of crime- and criminals-related data generation.
In order to provide an application that supports police station operations and the investigation process, and that is common across all states and union territories, MHA had conceptualized the Common Integrated Police Application (CIPA) in 2004. It has been initiated as part of the “Modernization of State Police Forces (MPF)” scheme of the Ministry of Home Affairs. The aim of CIPA is to bring about computerization and automation in the functioning at the police station
with a view to bringing in efficiency and transparency in various processes and functions at the police station level and improve service delivery to the citizens. So far about 2,760 police stations, out of a total of 14,000+ police stations across the country, have been covered under the Scheme.
CIPA is a stand-alone application developed to be installed in police stations and to support the crime investigation and prosecution functions. CIPA is a centrally managed application: an application core centrally developed and is installed in police station. Any state-specific customizations are evaluated and made on a need basis.
The core focus of the CIPA application is the automation of police station operations. Its core functionality includes the following modules:
- Registration Module
- Investigation Module
- Prosecution Module.
There is also a Reporting module that addresses basic reporting needs. CIPA is built on client-server architecture on a NIC Linux platform using Java and Postgres SQL database.
Benefits realized from CIPA include the ability to enter registration (FIR) details into the system and print out copies and the ability to create and manage police station registers on the system, etc.
It was felt, however, that a standalone application couldn’t provide the enhanced outcomes in the areas of Crime Investigation and Criminals Detection that are necessary. And for this reason, MHA has decided to launch the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System (CCTNS) program.
- Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Systems* (CCTNS)
- COMMON INTEGRATED POLICE APPLICATION (CIPA)
- CRIME AND CRIMINALS INFORMATION SYSTEM (CCIS)
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